Monochronic cultures like to do just one thing at a time.They value a certain orderliness and sense of there being an appropriate time and place for everything. Polychronic cultures like to do multiple things at the same time.
They tend to be conservative in management and slow to change those things that are tied to the past.
Past-oriented societies include China, Britain, Japan and most spanish-speaking Latin American countries.
Present-oriented societies include the rest of the spanish-speaking Latin American countries.
Increasingly, managers must deal with multiple ethnic groups with very different cultures.
Thanks to globalization, you are likely to work with Japanese, French, Chinese, German and all sorts of other nationalities.
It is important to recognize that people from different cultures have are different in a variety of ways, including Some dimensions along which cultures vary: A low context culture is one in which things are fully (though concisely) spelled out.
Things are made explicit, and there is considerable dependence on what is actually said or written.
A high context culture is one in which the communicators assume a great deal of commonality of knowledge and views, so that less is spelled out explicitly and much more is implicit or communicated in indirect ways.
In a low context culture, more responsibility is placed on the listener to keep up their knowledge base and remain plugged into informal networks.
Low context cultures include Anglos, Germanics and Scandinavians.
High context cultures include Japanese, Arabs and French.